During the Federal occupation of Jacksonville in February 1864, an attempt was made by Dr. Esther Hill Hawks, an abolitionist lady from New Hampshire, to operate there the state’s first racially integrated free school. This kind of an integrated facility, fleeting though it proved to be, was among the first in any southern state.
"An Integrated Free School In Civil War Florida,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 61:
2, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol61/iss2/5