The Timucuan Indians rebelled in 1656 because they had been mistreated by the Spaniards. In particular, the Indians reacted against the forced labor policy which Governor Diego de Rebolledo had sought to impose on them. Forced labor had not originated in Florida during the Rebolledo Administration, but the manner in which the governor sought to carry out his policy proved galling to the Indians. Often when St. Augustine experienced frequent food shortages because of the uncertainty of the situado, governors turned to the provinces to procure corn to see the settlers through the difficulty. Apparently such a shortage existed in 1656, for Governor Rebolledo ordered the Indians in Timucua and Apalachee to bring grain to St. Augustine.
Pearson, Jr., Fred Lamar
"Timucuan Rebellion of 1656: The Rebolledo Investigation and the Civil-Religious Controversy,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 61:
3, Article 4.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol61/iss3/4