John H. Hann


The natives of Mocamo and Guale on the coasts of Georgia and northern Florida were the first with whom the French and then the Spaniards established steady contact in the 1560s and among the first to be missionized. Yet, as scholars have remarked, surprisingly little is known about these people during the historic period either archaeologically or historically. Only for the years 1597-1606 are there detailed published accounts of events in the Guale and Mocamo missions in the works of John Tate Lanning, Maynard Geiger, OFM, and Manuel Serrano y Sanz, and in Kathleen Deagan’s chapter on the eastern Timucua in Tacachale. From 1606 until the 1702 destruction of the remnant of the coastal missions by English and native forces from South Carolina, only fragmentary details about developments in those missions are available. A potentially rich source for the end of this period, the record of the 1695 visitation conducted by Captain Juan de Pueyo, appears to have received little attention to date. The present article provides some of the information contained in that document and conclusions that can be drawn from it and from other pertinent sources.