Larry E. Rivers


On the eve of secession in January 1861, Gadsden County was one of Florida’s wealthiest political subdivisions. It and its four neighboring counties contained almost 42 percent of the state’s property when measured by value.1 Gadsden’s $6,714,880 in assets constituted somewhat more than 8 percent of the state’s total, even though the county contained less than 1 percent of Florida’s land and 6.7 percent of its population.2 The county’s per capita wealth of $1,684.19 nearly tripled the state average.