James M. Denham


On November 26, 1835, Seminole Chief Charley Emaltha was murdered brutally as an act of retaliation. Against the wishes of many native leaders, he had agreed to emigrate west, as required by the earlier treaties of Paynes Landing and Fort Gibson. It soon became apparent that Osceola, a rival leader, and his band of followers were responsible. The news, when it spread, created panic throughout the frontier. At Alachua County’s seat at Newnansville, for example, Judge Robert Raymond Reid hurriedly dismissed the on-going session of the Superior Court of Alachua, Columbia, and Hillsborough counties so that everyone concerned could return to their homes.