Gary R. Mormino


Where were you on December 7, 1941, and what did you experience on that memorable day? If you were Master Sergeant Warren Bryant, stationed at Tampa’s MacDill Field, you were reminded of your place in American society. Bryant explained the coming of war: “When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor . . . all of the whites at MacDill Field were running around with loaded guns. We [blacks] had no guns and no idea of what was going on, so you can imagine what was running through our minds until we learned of the Japanese attack. Even with this knowledge it was of no comfort to be practically penned in our area with armed patty boys all over everywhere. We trusted them just about as much as a coiled rattlesnake.“1 “GI Joe Meets Jim Crow” examines the tensions and violence that erupted on and off military camps in Florida during World War II and their role in the development of the civil rights movement.