Patrick Riordan


The entry of the lower south into a world marketplace wrought transformations on its European, native, and African American populations. As production demands increased after the turn of the 18th century, African laborers began to escape their European masters in greater numbers and more frequently sought permanent freedom. When they entered “Indian country,” African Americans confronted native peoples with a difficult choice. Native Americans could assist them in escape, incorporate them into native groups, or return them to the Europeans with whom Native Americans maintained a delicate balance of diplomacy and trade.