Maxine D. Jones


Fannie Taylor’s screams on the morning of January 1, 1923, shattered the peace of several Levy County communities. Her subsequent accusations of being attacked by a black man set in motion a chain of events that before the end of the week had resulted in at least eight deaths and the destruction of a town called Rosewood. Fewer than four thousand blacks resided in Levy County in 1920. The 3,960 African Americans comprised 39.9% of the county’s population, and as long as they remembered the place ascribed to them they lived in relative harmony with area whites.1