Two Floridas shared one state in 1860, and the racial demographics and the mechanics of race relations differed significantly between the two regions. Most studies of slavery and race in Florida directly before and during the Civil War have dealt with the state’s more densely populated and economically developed northern plantation region. Race relations in antebellum and wartime South Florida have received relatively little attention. From the outbreak of the Civil War through the early years of Reconstruction, however, the issues of race, slavery, and freedom profoundly shaped events from Tampa to Key West, developments compounded by the extensive Union deployment of African American soldiers at Fort Myers in the center of the region.
Solomon, Irvin D.
"Race And Civil War In South Florida,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 77:
3, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol77/iss3/5