Abel A. Bartley


As the 1950 ended and a new decade began, leaders of the civil rights movement grew impatient. Nearly six year had passed since the United State Supreme Court had laid the foundation for ending segregation. Nevertheless, for African Americans little had changed. Blacks continued to languish at the bottom of American society, systematically denied the legal protection afforded to even America's newest immigrants. Forced to endure second-rate educational and social services, southern blacks increased the pressure on policy makers.