In 1811, when war clouds between the United States and Great Britain were gathering, the United States sent commissioners to Spanish Florida seeking a temporary cession to prevent its occupancy by the British in case of war. As might be expected Spain would not consent to such an arrangement, whereupon General George Mathews, representing the United States government in this negotiation, devised a plan to bring about a cession through the medium of a revolution of the inhabitants of East Florida, who would be assisted by residents of Georgia and by the regular armed forces of the United States. Such an occurrence actually took place in East Florida, and from March, 1812, to May, 1813, United States troops held possession of the province, except the fortified town of St. Augustine. The incident is known in history as the Patriot invasion, as the revolutionists called themselves “Patriots” in the cause of freedom. They organized the “Territory of East Florida,” with John H. McIntosh Director; Daniel S. Delany, Secretary of State ; and B. Harris, President of the Legislative Council.
Davis, T. Frederick
"Elotchaway, East Florida, 1814,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 8
, Article 6.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol8/iss3/6