Between January 2, 1863, and February 7, 1864, Harriet Ward Foote Hawley wrote seven newspaper articles about her experiences in the South during the Civil War-four of which were written in Florida. For a woman to have done this in the period was extraordinary. While many women recorded their experiences during the Civil War, very few did so for newspapers. Historian James M. Perry described the era's press corps as a group of "fascinating men." Such a statement is not completely accurate, however. Historian J. Cutler Andrews identified a few women who covered the conflict. Among over three hundred Yankees, Andrews found four-Mary Clemmer Arnes, Jane Grey Swisshelm, Sarah Jane Lippincott who used the pen name "Grace Greenwood," and Laura Catherine Redden who used the name "Howard Glyndon." Surprisingly, Andrews found three women writing for Southern newspapers-an E.L. McE. who wrote for the Knoxville (Tenn.) Daily Register, a person with the pen name of "Virginia" who wrote for the Mobile (Ala.) Daily Advertiser and Register, and a "Joan" writing for the Charleston (S.C.) Daily Courier. The literature about journalists, therefore, suggests that while women were reporting, anything published by a woman in Florida during the Civil War must be regarded as remarkable.
Foster, Sarah Whitmer
"Historic Notes and Documents: Harriet Ward Foote Hawley: Civil War Journalist,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 83:
4, Article 6.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol83/iss4/6