Alexandra Moore


In 1979, the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida issued the seminal decision of Debra P. v. Turlington, which would help pave the way for creating a public school system that was no longer marred by past racial discrimination. Judge George C. Carr presided for the court and ruled that requiring students to pass a functional literacy test before receiving a high school diploma disproportionately barred black students from receiving diplomas due to the inferior education they had received as a result of the past segregation of public schools.2 Judge Carr held that the testing requirement violated the students' Fourteenth Amendment equal protection and due process rights. In rendering this decision, the district court continued the task initiated by Brown v. Board of Education-that of eradicating the effects of past racial discrimination in the public school system.