Patsy West


The general flight path to Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport gives a clear aerial view of two major elements of this story. First is a direct flyover of the Pine Island Complex, a prominent greenspace that was the two-and-a-half-mile-long habitation island of Abiaka, or Sam Jones, and his Mikasuki people. During the Second Seminole War, the island was often referred to as Sam Jones' "stronghold," used by Jones and his Mikasuki leaders until the last year of the conflict.