Automated and connected vehicles (ACV) and, in particular, autonomous vehicles have captured the interest of the public, industry and transportation authorities. ACVs can significantly reduce accidents, fuel consumption, pollution and the costs of congestion which in turn will offer a fundamental change to the future U.S. transportation network. The objective of this project was to evaluate ACV technologies, activities, laws and policies that are now in place or proposed and to assess future ACV usage. The assessment also evaluates the highest level of automated vehicles called autonomous or self-driving vehicles and includes how electric vehicles (EVs) will participate in the future ACV transportation system. The results show that the three areas of largest activities are: (1) Autonomous vehicle development and demonstration, (2) Connected vehicle and their application to safety improvements, and (3) The interaction between autonomous and electric vehicles. The future dollar value in ACV technologies is huge with multi-billion dollar investments being made by auto manufacturers, ride sharing companies and technological innovators all seeking to establish their positions. Due to the electro-mechanical nature of the ACV technology, electric propulsion will likely dominate future transportation. This is due to regulatory reasons (no urban emissions) and other attributes of EVs (having fewer moving parts, reduced maintenance, and capability to be configured to drive, steer, brake and recharge by wire).
Florida Solar Energy Center and Block, David, "Automated And Connected Vehicle Implications And Analysis" (2017). FSEC Energy Research Center®. 77.