Report Number



Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Monitoring; Buildings; Ventilation


The Model Conservation Standards (MCS) were developed by the Northwest Power Planning Council in 1983. These standards were designed to save large amounts of space heating energy in new U.S. residential construction in the Pacific Northwest. Creation of the MCS resulted in a desire to demonstrate the actual savings of such energy efficiency standards. The Bonneville Power Administration sponsored the Residential Standards Demonstration Program (RSDP) in 1984 which resulted in the construction of 410 energy-efficient single-family homes in the four-state region. Typically these buildings incorporated design features such as high levels of insulation for attic, walls and floors, triple-glazed windows and airtight construction with heat-recovery ventilation.

These MCS dwellings have been compared against another group of 410 new, but conventional homes in the Northwest to determine the actual savings of such efficiency standards for space heat. Each house was monitored for at least one year using a triple metering system that recorded energy use for space heat, domestic hot water and appliances. Average interior and exterior temperatures were also collected during the monitoring period. Extensive data was assembled from audit and survey information on the construction of the homes, their heating systems and other occupancy-related characteristics. This paper both summarizes results of the RSDP project and scrutinizes certain aspects associated with the buildings' monitored thermal performance.

Date Published



Original Publication: Parker, D., "Thermal Performance Monitoring Results from the Residential Standards Demonstration Program", Elsevier Sequoia/Printed in The Netherlands, February 16, 1989.

Local Subjects

Monitoring; Buildings - Ventilation


FSEC Energy Research Center® Collection



Rights Statement

In Copyright