Arete, Sport and Society, American Sport History, Basketball, National Anthem, Toni Smith, Free speech, Patriotism, Star-Spangled Banner
Major League Baseball (Organization); Star-spangled banner (Song); Patriotism; World War (1939-1945); Freedom of speech; Smith, Toni
It is all over the papers, the television news, and the talk shows. Toni Smith, the Manhattanville College senior basketball player has been turning her back on the flag during the playing of the national anthem for the past several weeks. In recent days as America gears up for a war the protest against her protest has been growing. Last weekend Toni Smith was confronted on the floor by a Vietnam veteran toting an American flag that he shoved in her face.
Sport and Society for Arete
College of Arts and Humanities
Crepeau, Richard C., "Toni Smith, The National Anthem, and Sport" (2003). On Sport and Society. 556.