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Metadata inclusiveness, Juvenile biographies, Gender, Race, Ethnicity, Nationality, Subjects, Subject headings, Subject bias, LCSH, LCDGT, Homosaurus, Local subjects, UCF, UCF Libraries, CMC, Curriculum Materials Center, Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, EDI, Metadata, Cataloging, Conscious editing, Qualtrics survey, Sunshine State Digital Network, SSDN, Collection audit, Libraries


To improve discovery of biography collections in a library and embrace Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) in cataloging, the librarians can audit their collections with gender, race and ethnicity of the biographees in mind. At the University of Central Florida, librarians from Cataloging, Curriculum Materials Center (CMC) and Interlibrary Loan & Document Delivery Services (ILL/DDS) analyzed a juvenile biography collection for biases, and enhanced its subject headings with the biographees’ gender, race and other information.

A rubric was designed to analyze the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and non-LCSH in bibliographic records for biographies, including the biographees’ gender, race, ethnicity, and nationality. After data was collected from the records as well as the books based on the rubric, the librarians checked the data and compiled statistics to measure subject headings for bias and changes in cataloging practices. Local headings were further designed and added to the records, additional LCSH Headings, LC Demographic Group Terms to enrich author information with ethnicity/cultural group, nationality/regional group values were also added. In addition, Homosaurus terms were included to represent LGBTQAI+ people. These enhanced subjects will improve access to the juvenile biographies and promote diversity and inclusion in describing biographees.

It is part of the American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference 2022 DEI Projects Showcase, Washington DC, June 27, 2022.

Publication Date


Original Citation

Deng, S., Piascik, J. & Spyers-Duran P. (2022). Enhancing gender, race and ethnicity subjects for inclusive metadata. The American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference 2022. Washington DC, USA. June 27, 2022.

Document Type

Conference Presentation

Publication Version

Author's version


Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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