Co-workers, Supervisors and Frontline Restaurant Employees: Social Judgments and the Mediating Effects of Exhaustion and Cynicism


social judgements, supervisors, coworkers, cynicism, exhaustion, turnover intentions


Purpose: The current study assesses the relationships between the social judgments made by frontline restaurant employees toward their direct supervisors and coworkers and employees' cynicism, exhaustion and turnover intentions. The mediating effects of cynicism and exhaustion are also examined. Design/methodology/approach: The model was tested on 477 frontline restaurant employees using a questionnaire survey. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling, which included bootstrapping. Findings: Results indicate that the aforementioned social judgments significantly decrease frontline restaurant employees' exhaustion and cynicism, which are then positively related to turnover intentions. Furthermore, exhaustion and cynicism mediate the relationships between employees' evaluations of their supervisors and coworkers and turnover intentions. Originality/value: This study is the first to analyze the effects of warmth, competence and morality – which represent fundamental social traits that people use to evaluate others – on turnover intentions via cynicism and exhaustion.

Publication Date


Original Citation

Bufquin, D. (2020), "Coworkers, supervisors and frontline restaurant employees: social judgments and the mediating effects of exhaustion and cynicism", Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights

Document Type




Source Title

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights


Rosen College of Hospitality Management


Rosen College of Hospitality Management

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