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Oral history interview of Arthur F. Dreves. Interview conducted by Perry Kochavi at home of Arthur Dreves, Winter Park, Florida.


1:20 Biographical information; 2:45 Before service: worked for hardware store, enlisted in 1941, inducted in 1942; 3:29 Discusses his feeling about WWII: wanted to fight right away; 3:50 Siblings serving in military: Brothers - One in Navy, one in Air Corps, and one in Army, and Sister in Nurse Corps; 4:30 Why he enlisted in Marine Corps: wanted to do something adventurous; 5:11 Assignment after boot camp: guard detachment at Naval radio stations on the Mexican Border, sent to Point Loma in San Diego, then to El Toro, and then Camp Pendleton (was infantry instructor); 7:02 Adapting to military life; 7:39 Chosen to escort Jeanne Crain to movie premier of Guadalcanal Diary Grauman's Chinese Theatre; 9:40 Meeting Bing Crosby at El Toro; 11:00 Transferred to First Marine Division (Pavuvu); 11:45 Experiences at Peleliu: assigned to Charlies Company First Battalion, heavy losses, ran out of ammunition, had to use rocks; 15:00 Went back to Pavuvu to rest and wait for next campaign; 16:13 Caroline Islands, Naval ships docked - play baseball; 17:30 Wrote article about his experiences at Ulithi: USS Ben Franklin; 19:29 Okinawa: was to be in fourth wave; 21:38 Experience of battle at Okinawa: two-three weeks on front line at a time; 23:40 Destruction witnessed: destroyed villages - civilians taken to the north; 24:46 Response of Okinawans: thought Americans were going to kill them; 25:50 Wounded: sent to field hospital; 27:00 Sent to guard medical supplies; 28:13 Found childhood friend in the Sixth Marine Division; 29:15 Met lieutenant who was searching for souvenirs, found Okinawans in cave; 34:30 Experience of being wounded: (Wana Draw) hit by shell fire in fox hole; 38:10 Wrote letters home to mother, censorhip (could not say where you were); 39:57 Brother sent to Africa and was wounded (brothers and sisters sent letters); 41:02 Off duty activites: swimming, made outdoor movie theatre ("Rialto"); 43:00 End of war: at Okinawa, sent to China (repatriate Japanese); 45:32 Going home: released by point system; 46:22 Met brother and sister at Union State in D.C. - went back to New York; 49:20 Entire family surprised parents (returned home); 50:27 Readjustment to civilian life: did not want to talk about war experience; 51:49 Searching for work: Naval Training Device Center (35 years); 55:33 Contact with other veterans: Central Florida Chapter First Marine Division; 57:30 How the war affected his life: assertive role, joined organizations.

Date of Birth


Place of Birth

New York (N.Y.)




White - Non Hispanic

Home State

New York

War or Conflict

World War II



Begin/End date of Service - 1st



Audio; Sound


Entrance into Service


Branch of Service

U.S. Marines

Unit of Service

"C" Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Marine Division

Location of Service

California; South Pacific

Highest Rank

Sergeant; Sgt

Prisoner of War


Service Related Injury



Battle of Peleliu; Battle of Okinawa


Purple Heart; Presidential Citation


Guard Duty- Stateside; Rifleman, Squad Leader


Not applicable

City of Birth

New York

Country of Birth

United States


Kochavi, Perry

Interview Date


Location of Interview

home of Arthur Dreves, Winter Park, FL.


Dreves, Arthur F.; United States. Marines; World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives; World War II; Camp Pendleton; Peleliu; Guadalcanal Diary; First Marine Division; Pavuvu; Charles Company First Battalion; Ulithi; USS Ben Franklin; Okinawa; Central Florida Chapter First Marine Division

Collection Description

Contains logs, audio and video recordings of interviews with Central Florida's veterans as part of a history class project for the students at the University of Central Florida (UCF). The UCF Community Veterans History Project(CVHP) started in fall 2010. It collects, preserves, and makes accessible to the public the experiences of Central Florida's veterans so that future generations will better understand the realities of conflict. It is a collaborative endeavor supported by multiple departments and offices at UCF. The veterans' histories are archived and made digitally available through the UCF library and selected materials are contributed to the Veterans History Project at the Library of Congress.

Contributor Affiliation / Organization

RICHES; University of Central Florida


Kochavi, Perry

Length of Interview

62 Minutes


Department of History, University of Central Florida




All rights are held by the respective holding institution. This material is posted publicly for non-profit educational uses, excluding printed publication. For permission to reproduce and/or for copyright information contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Central Florida Libraries, (407) 823-2576. http://library.ucf.edu/about/departments/special-collections-university-archives/


University of Central Florida Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

Contributing Project

UCF Community Veterans History Project

Document Type