Protection from radiation-induced pneumonitis using cerium oxide nanoparticles
Abbreviated Journal Title
Nanomed.-Nanotechnol. Biol. Med.
Radioprotection; Nanoparticles; Pneumonitis; Quality of life; CELLS; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Medicine, Research & Experimental
In an effort to combat the harmful effects of radiation exposure, we propose that rare-earth cerium oxide (CeO(2)) nanoparticles (free-radical scavengers) protect normal tissue from radiation-induced damage. Preliminary studies suggest that these nanoparticles may be a therapeutic regenerative nanomedicine that will scavenge reactive oxygen species, which are responsible for radiation-induced cell damage. The effectiveness of CeO(2) nanoparticles in radiation protection in murine models during high-dose radiation exposure is investigated, with the ultimate goal of offering a new approach to radiation protection, using nanotechnology. We show that CeO(2) nanoparticles are well tolerated by live animals, and they prevent the onset of radiation-induced pneumonitis when delivered to live animals exposed to high doses of radiation. In the end, these studies provide a tremendous potential for radioprotection and can lead to significant benefits for the preservation of human health and the quality of life for humans receiving radiation therapy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Nanomedicine-Nanotechnology Biology and Medicine
"Protection from radiation-induced pneumonitis using cerium oxide nanoparticles" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 1431.