Title

Metabolic effects of intra-abdominal fat in GHRKO mice

Authors

Authors

M. M. Masternak; A. Bartke; F. Y. Wang; A. Spong; A. Gesing; Y. M. Fang; A. B. Salmon; L. F. Hughes; T. Liberati; R. Boparai; J. J. Kopchick;R. Westbrook

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Aging Cell

Keywords

GHRKO; insulin; adipose tissue; Cell Biology; Geriatrics & Gerontology

Abstract

Mice with targeted deletion of the growth hormone receptor (GHRKO mice) are growth hormone (GH) resistant, small, obese, hypoinsulinemic, highly insulin sensitive and remarkably long-lived. To elucidate the unexpected coexistence of adiposity with improved insulin sensitivity and extended longevity, we examined effects of surgical removal of visceral (epididymal and perinephric) fat on metabolic traits related to insulin signaling and longevity. Comparison of results obtained in GHRKO mice and in normal animals from the same strain revealed disparate effects of visceral fat removal (VFR) on insulin and glucose tolerance, adiponectin levels, accumulation of ectopic fat, phosphorylation of insulin signaling intermediates, body temperature, and respiratory quotient (RQ). Overall, VFR produced the expected improvements in insulin sensitivity and reduced body temperature and RQ in normal mice and had opposite effects in GHRKO mice. Some of the examined parameters were altered by VFR in opposite directions in GHRKO and normal mice, and others were affected in only one genotype or exhibited significant genotype x treatment interactions. Functional differences between visceral fat of GHRKO and normal mice were confirmed by measurements of adipokine secretion, lipolysis, and expression of genes related to fat metabolism. We conclude that in the absence of GH signaling, the secretory activity of visceral fat is profoundly altered and unexpectedly promotes enhanced insulin sensitivity. The apparent beneficial effects of visceral fat in GHRKO mice may also explain why reducing adiposity by calorie restriction fails to improve insulin signaling or further extend longevity in these animals.

Journal Title

Aging Cell

Volume

11

Issue/Number

1

Publication Date

1-1-2012

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

73

Last Page

81

WOS Identifier

WOS:000299031500008

ISSN

1474-9718

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