Transmission electron microscopy observations on the phase composition and microstructure of the oxidation scale grown on as-polished and yttrium-implanted beta-NiAl
Abbreviated Journal Title
Surf. Coat. Technol.
beta-NiAl; Al(2)O(3); High temperature oxidation; Y-implantation; Phase; transformation; Transmission electron microscopy; THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS; ALUMINA FORMERS; ALLOYS; ALPHA-AL2O3; ADDITIONS; MECHANISM; Materials Science, Coatings & Films; Physics, Applied
Phase transformations and microstructural evolution of thermally grown oxide scale on polycrystalline beta-NiAl at 1100 degrees C up to 6 h, with and without (e.g., as-polished) yttrium implantation, were examined by glancing angle X-ray diffraction, photostimulated luminescence, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Site-specific TEM specimens were prepared by using focused ion beam in-situ lift-out technique. The oxide scale developed on as-polished beta-NiAl consisted of the islands of 390 nm-thick flat regions (e.g., patches) in 916 nm-thick scales. Regardless of microstructure, the oxide scale consisted of alpha-Al(2)O(3) with very little trace of theta-Al(2)O(3), and had uniform compressive residual stress. The oxide scale on Y-implanted beta-NiAl had a two-layer microstructure: the outer layer was mainly alpha-Al(2)O(3) and the inner layer was made up of alpha-, delta-, and theta-Al(2)O(3) phases. Clearly, the Y addition retarded the theta-to-alpha Al(2)O(3) phase transformation. The oxide scale on Y-implanted beta-NiAl, in general, consisted of a 722 nm-thick layer with islands of 470 nm-thick patched regions, some of which contained Y-rich nodules that protruded with thickness up to 1200 nm. Except for islands of patch-regions, the oxide scale developed on Y-implanted beta-NiAl was thinner (722 nm) than that on as-polished beta-NiAl (916 nm). (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Surface & Coatings Technology
Article; Proceedings Paper
"Transmission electron microscopy observations on the phase composition and microstructure of the oxidation scale grown on as-polished and yttrium-implanted beta-NiAl" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 38.