Place matters: The impact of place of residency on racial attitudes among regional and urban migrants
Abbreviated Journal Title
Soc. Sci. Res.
Racial resentment; Racial attitudes; Migration; South; Urban; INTERREGIONAL MIGRATION; TOLERANCE; PREJUDICE; REASSESSMENT; HYPOTHESIS; RESENTMENT; BEHAVIOR; STOUFFER; THREAT; LIFE; Sociology
Scholars have debated whether racial attitudes are socialized early in life and persist throughout one's lifetime or are open to influences from one's environment as an adult. This study introduces another approach that holds that place, as opposed to the timing of socialization, is an important consideration for the socialization of racial attitudes. Using data from the American National Election Study, we consider the effect of region and urban residency on racial attitudes by comparing lifelong residents of these locations to those who migrate into and out of them. Using improved measures of early life socialization and region of residency, we conclude that a place-based model can be used to explain the socialization of racial resentment. For regional migrants, those moving into and out of the non-South maintain levels of racial resentment similar to non-Southern stayers. For urban migrants, the lifelong openness model of socialization was most appropriate. These migrants were more likely to change and adopt the level of racial resentment similar to that of their destination peers. These findings generally persist across time. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Social Science Research
"Place matters: The impact of place of residency on racial attitudes among regional and urban migrants" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5131.