One common limitation of enzymatic reactions is the diffusion of a substrate to the enzyme active site and/or the release of the reaction products. These reactions are known as diffusion –controlled. Overcoming this limitation may enable faster catalytic rates, which in the case of catalytic biosensors can potentially lower limits of detection of specific analyte. Here we created an artificial system to enable deoxyribozyme (Dz) 10-23 based biosensor to overcome its diffusion limit. The sensor consists of the two probe strands, which bind to the analyzed nucleic acid by Watson-Crick base pairs and, upon binding re-form the catalytic core of Dz 10-23. The activated Dz 10-23 cleaves the fluorophore and quencher-labeled DNA-RNA substrate which separates the fluorophore from the quencher thus producing high fluorescent signal. This system uses a Dz 10-23 biosensor strand associated to a DNA antenna tile, which captures the fluorogenic substrate and channels it to the reaction center where the Dz 10-23 cleaves the substrate. DNA antenna tile captures fluorogenic substrate and delivers it to the activated Dz 10-23 core. This allows for lower levels of analyte to be detected without compromising the specificity of the biosensor. The results of this experiment demonstrated that using DNA antenna, we can create a synthetic environment around the Dz 10-23 biosensor to increase its efficiency and allow for lower levels of analyte to be detected without using amplification techniques like PCR.
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Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Sciences
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Cox, Amanda J., "Using Antenna Tile-Assisted Substrate Delivery to Improve Detection Limits of Deoxyribozyme" (2015). HIM 1990-2015. 1861.