Giroux, Henry A., David Shumway, Paul Smith, and James Sosnoski, "The Need for Cultural Studies," pp. 143-157 in Henry A. Giroux, ed., Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning . Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.


Argues that cultural studies are needed to engage critically social and political issues rooted in instrumental rationality.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Critical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Social Studies, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and Politics


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