Sipe, Lawrence, and Susan Constable, "A Chart of Four Contemporary Research Paradigms: Metaphors for the Modes of Inquiry," TABOO: The Journal of Culture and Education, 1(1996), 153-163.*


Provides a series of metaphors that represent distinctions among positivist, interpretivist, critical theory, and deconstructivist research paradigms.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research

Source Discipline

Field other than Education

Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


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