Kliebard, Herbert M., Schooled to Work: Vocationalism and the American Curriculum, 1871-1946. New York: Teachers College Press, 1999.


Traces efforts in U.S. educational history to incorporate into the schools and other social institutions viable curriculum related to work and preparation for work, including manual training, vocational education, CCC and NYA; documents the ideology of vocationalism at work and the political tactics of those for and against vocationalism.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Policies and Policy Making

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Historical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Vocational vs. Liberal Education, Curriculum History, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


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