Kliebard, Herbert M., "The 'Cardinal Principles' Report as Archaeological Deposit," Curriculum Studies, 3(October, 1995). Reprinted with editorial modifications, pp. 39-49 in Herbert M. Kliebard, Changing Course: American Curriculum Reform in the 20th Century. New York: Teachers College Press, 2002.


Contrasts the 1918 Cardinal Principles report with the 1893 Committee of Ten report; suggests revised interpretations of each report's consequences.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Historical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Classics of Curriculum Literature, Secondary School Curriculum, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


Printing CIRS:

To print the citation, use CTRL-P for PC or ⌘ P for Mac