Visscher-Voerman, Irene, Kent Gustafson, and Tjeerd Plomp, "Educational Design and Development: An Overview of Paradigms," pp. 15-28 in Jan van den Akker, Robert M. Branch, Kent Gustafson, Nienke Nieveen, and Tjeerd Plomp, eds., Design Approaches and Tools in Education and Training. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.


Describes, analyzes, and compares four development paradigms (instrumental, communicative, pragmatic, and artistic); gives vignettes of each paradigm.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Development as Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Development Strategies


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