Franklin, Barry M., and Carla C. Johnson, "What the Schools Teach: A Social History of the American Curriculum since 1950," pp. 460-477 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008.


Examines ways schools have specified content for teaching in response to social pressures; cites school districts exemplifying life-adjustment, discipline-centered, basic skills, New Basics, and content area standards-based curricula at various times over the last half century.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Historical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum History, Curriculum Standards and Testing


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