Shepard, Lorrie A., "A Brief History of Accountability Testing, 1965-2007," pp. 25-46 in Katherine E. Ryan and Lorrie A. Shepard, eds., The Future of Test-Based Educational Accountability. New York: Routledge, 2008.


Traces the history of attempts in the U. S. to use tests for accountability purposes; discusses NAEP, minimum competency testing, National Commission on Excellence in Education, the Standards Movement, and the No Child Left Behind Act.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Evaluation

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Historical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Curriculum Standards and Testing, Program Audit/Evaluation


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