High ability learners are students with outstanding abilities in one domain or more and have varying learning abilities, interests, and needs. Due to their diversity, these students require curriculum and instruction that can address their needs and facilitate them to reach their full potential. In Indonesia, high ability education is rare to be found as the curriculum is oriented to meet the needs of students of all abilities. However, Indonesia's current national curriculum, Curriculum 2013, has the potential to address the needs of high ability learners in the regular classroom. Using the qualitative literature review method, this study analyzed the content of Curriculum 2013 and its ability to address the needs of high ability learners. It also examined the strengths and weaknesses of Curriculum 2013. The results revealed that this curriculum has the ability to meet the needs of high-ability learners in the regular classroom. All four critical components (objectives, learning materials, instructional strategies, and learning assessments) of Curriculum 2013 contain essential aspects to educating high ability learners, such as 21st century skills, higher order thinking skills, differentiation, and mastery of cognitive and non-cognitive skills. Its ability to address the needs of high-ability learners demonstrates that this curriculum has several strengths in terms of its objectives, learning materials, instructional strategies, and learning assessments. This curriculum also has weaknesses that inhibit it from addressing the needs of high ability learners, such as the provision for high ability learners is not clearly stated in the objectives, there is no acceleration at all grades, differentiation only occurs at higher grades (11 and 12), limited learning time, and orientation of high-stakes examinations.
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Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
College of Community Innovation and Education
Learning Sciences and Educational Research
Curriculum and Instruction; Global, International and Comparative Education
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Lapasi, Lismawati, "Curriculum 2013: Addressing the Needs of High Ability Learners in Indonesian Secondary Schools" (2022). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 1037.