Deep learning has shown success in several applications involving pattern recognition, expert systems, and scientific discovery. However, existing methods struggle with industrial applications, which are often challenged by non-ideal datasets. In many cases, the datasets are small, poorly labeled, noisy, or have unbalanced class distribution or any combination of such problems. In this Master's research, we propose a generative adversarial network (GAN) strategy that is able to circumvent limitations imposed by tiny datasets. As a case study, we use the extrapolation of corrosion in automobiles and feed our deep learning framework with only a few dozen images instead of the thousands to million images commonly found in many computer vision problems. In order to handle such a reduced dataset, we use one GAN for the rust level and one for the rust texture. The rust level GAN is conditional on random samples from the dataset and uses an additive random noise in the latent space to add variability to the generated rust level maps. The rust texture GAN adds shades of brown to the outputs of the rust level GAN. Loss functions are carefully designed to produce a robust training scheme for both GANs. In addition, given the significantly reduced size of our dataset, it is unfeasible to break down the data into training, validation, and test sets. We overcome this limitation by using the discrepancy between the generated and target distributions of the rust level and texture intensities as a way to monitor the convergence of training. The resulting models can ingest an image with a car having no corrosion and generate an image of this car with parts exhibiting varying degrees of corrosion (from mild to moderate to severe).
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Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering; Guidance Control and Dynamics
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Von Zuben, Andre, "Generative Adversarial Networks for Extrapolation of Corrosion in Automobile Images" (2022). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 1109.