Abstract

Inflammatory autoimmune diseases like Crohn's Disease (CD) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) share some of the same single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor types 2 and 22 (PTPN2/22), which contribute to their pathogenesis. In clinical CD and RA samples, PTPN2:rs478582 and PTPN22:rs2476601 were found to exacerbate a number of inflammatory processes associated with CD and RA. To confirm the role of these SNPs in CD and RA pathogenesis, CRISPR-Cas9 was used to induce the SNPs in T-cells. Cells were also treated with the naturally occurring polyamine, spermidine, to restore PTPN2/22 function and reverse the inflammatory effects of the SNPs. The PTPN2 SNP decreased PTPN2 expression by 3.2-fold and the PTPN22 SNP decreased PTPN22 expression by 2.4-fold compared to WT T-cells. Proliferation increased by 10.2-fold in PTPN2 SNP cells and 8.4-fold in the PTPN22 SNP cells compared to WT cells. Both SNPs increased secretion levels IFN-γ and TNF-α. Additionally, 80.32% of PTPN2 SNP cells and 85.82% of PTPN22 SNP cells were activated compared to 70.48% of WT T-cells. Spermidine treatment increased PTPN2/22 expression in all cell types and was dose-dependent in cells with either SNP. Proliferation levels decreased by approximately 5-fold in spermidine treated PTPN2 SNP cells and 3.1-fold in PTPN22 SNP cells treated with 10 µM of spermidine and 12.0-fold when treated with 20 uM. IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion levels decreased with spermidine treatment in all cell groups. Lastly, T-cell activation decreased to 51.39% of PTPN2 SNP cells and 46.36% of PTPN22 SNP cells when treated with 10 µM of spermidine. These findings may explain the therapeutic response seen in CD and RA patients prescribed polyamines. This study confirms the inflammatory role of the PTPN2/22 SNPs and displays the anti-inflammatory and restorative property of spermidine for its potential therapeutic use in CD and RA patients with genetic polymorphisms.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2021

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Naser, Saleh

Degree

Master of Science (M.S.)

College

College of Medicine

Department

Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences

Degree Program

Biotechnology

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0009129; DP0026462

URL

https://purls.library.ucf.edu/go/DP0026462

Language

English

Release Date

February 2022

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Restricted to the UCF community until February 2022; it will then be open access.

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