A conventional wireless sensor networks (WSN), consisting of sensors powered by nonrechargeable batteries, has a strictly limited lifetime. Energy harvesting (EH) from the environment is a promising solution to address the energy constraint problem in conventional WSNs, and to render these networks to self-sustainable networks with perpetual lifetimes. In EH-powered WSNs, where sensors are capable of harvesting and storing energy, power control is necessary to balance the rates of energy harvesting and energy consumption for data transmission. In addition, wireless communication channels change randomly in time due to fading. These together prompt the need for developing new power control strategies for an EH-enabled transmitter that can best exploit and adapt to the random energy arrivals and time-varying fading channels. We consider parallel structure EH-powered WSNs tasked with solving a binary distributed detection problem. Sensors process locally their observations, adapt their transmission according to the battery and fading channel states, and transmit their data symbols to the fusion center (FC) over orthogonal fading channels. We study adaptive transmission schemes that optimize detection performance metrics at the FC, subject to certain battery and transmit power constraints. In the first part, modeling the random energy arrival as a Poisson process, we propose a novel transmit power control strategy that is parameterized in terms of the channel gain quantization thresholds and the scale factors corresponding to the quantization intervals and we find the jointly optimal quantization thresholds and the scale factors such that detection metric at the FC is maximized. We have assumed that the battery operates at the steady-state and the energy arrival and channel models are independent and identically distributed across transmission blocks. In the second part, we assume the battery is not at the steady-state and both the channel and the energy arrival are modeled as homogeneous finite-state Markov chains. Therefore, the power control optimization problem at hand becomes a multistage stochastic optimization problem and can be solved via the Markov decision process (MDP) framework. This is the first work that develops MDP-based channel-dependent power control policy for distributed detection in EH-powered WSNs.
If this is your thesis or dissertation, and want to learn how to access it or for more information about readership statistics, contact us at STARS@ucf.edu
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Ardeshiri, Ghazaleh, "Distributed Detection in Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks" (2022). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 1733.