Preterm birth in the United States is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. The United States spends more per capita on healthcare than any other nation in the world, and still perinatal outcomes are disappointing when compared to other industrialized nations. Research and current clinical practice guidelines support the use of early and consistent prenatal care to lower risks for preterm birth, by acting as a key mechanism to monitor pregnancy and provide timely and appropriate interventions. Significant research has been completed to identify causative factors that lead to preterm birth. Overall, this literature has not had a substantial impact on decreasing preterm birth rates in the United States. Access to healthcare is one modifiable factor that can be influenced by policy change and potentially have a positive impact on lowering preterm birth rates. This dissertation examines geographical access to prenatal care services in Florida and its influence on preterm birth rates. The researchers used quantitative methods coupled with Geographic Information Systems to evaluate the relationship between potential access to prenatal care and preterm birth rates.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Nursing
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Campus-only Access)
Audette, Corinne, "Access and Utilization of Prenatal Care in Florida and its Effects on Preterm Birth" (2020). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 430.