The Double Curse Effect or Does Petroleum Patriarchy Affect Acceptability of Wife Battery in Former Soviet Countries?
Exploring social attitudes towards acceptability of intimate partner violence (IPV) is essential to understanding the nature of IPV. Attitudes justifying acceptability of wife battery may strongly predict perpetration and victimization as well as institutional responses to IPV against women. Feminist scholars emphasize that supportive attitudes towards wife beating are largely impacted by the prevalence of patriarchal values and traditional gender roles in society. Petroleum patriarchy theory suggests that oil rich countries experience greater gender inequality and have stronger patriarchal values. The current study integrates these two theories using the concept of the double curse effect. The study used mixed - effect ordered logistic regression to assess attitudes towards wife beating while utilizing individual and country level variables. The data on gendered attitudes includes attitudes about justification of wife beating that were derived from the World Values Survey, Wave 6, for the period 2010-2014. The data included 14,872 respondents from 10 former Soviet countries. Data on oil and gas revenues for post-Soviet countries were obtained from the Ross-Mahdavi Oil and Gas Dataset. The data on HDI, GDI, GII were derived from UN reports. The indicators represent dimensions of human development and gender inequality at the country level. This study showed that individuals from oil rich post-Soviet countries and individuals who support statements about gender inequality are more prone to justify wife battery. Results from this study support the double curse concept. Further, this study is unique as it analyzed an understudied region and focused on the impact of the individual and structural level data on attitudes towards wife beating.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Powell, Karina, "The Double Curse Effect or Does Petroleum Patriarchy Affect Acceptability of Wife Battery in Former Soviet Countries?" (2021). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 546.