The present series of studies leveraged the ASTMA model (attraction, selection, transformation, manipulation, attrition), theory of purposeful work behavior, and work on job crafting to investigate the influence of personality on job satisfaction through the active and passive shaping of one's work environment (i.e., work characteristics). Study 1 integrates the ASTMA model and theory of purposeful work behavior perspectives to suggest that individuals who are conscientious, agreeableness, emotionally stable, open to experiences and extraverted become more satisfied with their jobs because each of these traits is associated with active and passive changes to specific work characteristics. These ideas were tested by examining the change in job autonomy, rewards, developmental opportunities and social support as mediators of the relationship between each of the Big-Five traits and the change in job satisfaction. Study 1 results support the idea that personality influences job satisfaction through the shaping of one's work environment. Study 2 builds on Study 1's work by examining in more detail the active (self-initiated job crafting) and passive (others-initiated job crafting) mechanisms by which personality can shape one's work characteristics. Study 2 results suggest that both active and passive pathways play a role in shaping the work environment. Taken together, the results of Study 1 and Study 2 provide support for the idea that personality may influence job satisfaction by actively or passively shaping one's work environment.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Psychology; Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Zheng, Jimmy, "Examining the Indirect Effects of the Big-Five Traits on the Change in Job Satisfaction via the Change in Specific Work Characteristics" (2021). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 595.