Abstract

Shock tubes are as close to an ideal reactor as most modern experiments can attain to examine chemical kinetics. As reaction temperatures drop, homogeneous combustion within a shock tube begins to exhibit inhomogeneous modes, which in a typical Hydrogen-Oxygen system are ex- pressed as deflagration to detonation transition. Experimental results of such a system in the Uni- versity of Central Florida's low-pressure shock tube have been collected through end and side-wall imaging to analyze flame structure and chemical kinetics. The purpose of this work is to con- duct a baselining of these results using both chemical and computational fluid dynamics modeling. The model will use the Siemens STAR-CCM+ computational fluid dynamics software in order to accurately simulate the system. A seven-step reaction mechanism will be used to accurately capture initialization, propagation, and termination of the combustion within an implicit unsteady, three-dimensional, direct eddy simulation solution on a well-conditioned mesh. The end goal of this study is to create a lightweight model of hydrogen-oxygen combustion with a shock tube for baselining purposes. Both a two- and three- dimensional model were applied in this effort. The simulation results indicate good conditioning and agreement with the experimental results, although some combustion phenomena are not captured as well as a higher fidelity, significantly more computationally expensive model would.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2021

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Kinzel, Michael

Degree

Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Aerospace Engineering; Thermofluid Aerodynamic Systems

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0008649;DP0025380

URL

https://purls.library.ucf.edu/go/DP0025380

Language

English

Release Date

August 2021

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

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