Effects of liming on survival and reproduction of two potentially invasive earthworm species in a northern forest Podzol
Abbreviated Journal Title
Soil Biol. Biochem.
Exotic; Earthworms; Amynthas; Lumbricus; Liming; Climate; HARDWOOD FORESTS; EXOTIC EARTHWORM; TEMPERATE FORESTS; LUMBRICUS-TERRESTRIS; DECIDUOUS FOREST; AMERICAN FORESTS; SOIL; LITTER; COMMUNITIES; CHEMISTRY; Soil Science
During the last several decades, colonization of soil by exotic earthworms and their effects on soil properties and biodiversity have been reported in forests of North America. In some northern hardwood stands, acid soils or harsh climate may have prevented earthworm colonization. However, climatic change and the increasing use of liming to restore the vigor of declining sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stands, situated on base-poor soils in USA and Canada, could make many of these sites more suitable for earthworm colonization. We tested survival and reproduction of two exotic earthworm species (Lumbricus terrestris and Amynthas hawayanus) in unlimed and limed soils at the northern limit of the northern hardwood forest distribution in Canada. Improving soil parameters of base-poor, acidic soils by liming positively influenced activity, survivability and reproductive output of L terrestris in this northern hardwood forest. In contrast, the high mortality and low vigor of L terrestris observed in the unlimed plots show that soils in this area with a pH of 43 are not favorable to this species. Our results suggest that A. hawayanus was very active prior to winter at both soil pHs, but was not able to complete its life cycle during one year at this latitude. Both earthworm species significantly reduced organic C and total N, and increased the C/N ratio of the forest floor. Given that forest liming activities are increasing in proximity to human activities, there is high probability that some earthworm species, such as L terrestris, will invade limed northern hardwood forests in the next decades, with possible consequences for soil organic matter turnover, nutrient cycling and forest biodiversity and dynamics. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Soil Biology & Biochemistry
"Effects of liming on survival and reproduction of two potentially invasive earthworm species in a northern forest Podzol" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4425.