Appetitive and impulsive: Examining alcohol use via the motivational and self-control systems
Abbreviated Journal Title
Soc. Sci. J.
Motivational systems; Self-control; Approach/avoidance; Implicit vs.; explicit attitudes; Impulsive/reflective; Alcohol use; AT-RISK ADOLESCENTS; RESPONSE-INHIBITION; IMPLICIT ASSOCIATIONS; AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION; ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS; SENSATION SEEKING; DRINKING; BEHAVIOR; ATTENTIONAL BIAS; SUBSTANCE USE; PERSONALITY; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
This study examines how trait differences in the appetitive and defensive systems and how automatic, impulsive and deliberate, reflective responses to alcohol cues predict overall alcohol use. By utilizing a measure of trait motivational activation and measures of implicit and explicit attitudes toward alcohol that indicate the self-control system - impulsive vs. reflective - that determines behavior, this research demonstrates that higher trait appetitive system activity, ASA, and positive impulsive/implicit alcohol attitudes independently predict alcohol use, while trait defensive system activation, DSA, and explicit attitudes toward alcohol did not independently predict use. (C) 2014 Western Social Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Social Science Journal
"Appetitive and impulsive: Examining alcohol use via the motivational and self-control systems" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6777.