Far ultraviolet spectral properties of Saturn's rings from Cassini UVIS
Abbreviated Journal Title
Saturn, Rings; Ices, UV spectroscopy; Ultraviolet observations; BIDIRECTIONAL REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY; MAIN RINGS; PHOTOMETRY; SCATTERING; SURFACES; COLOR; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Spectra taken by the Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) of Saturn's C ring, B ring, Cassini Division, and A ring have been analyzed in order to characterize ring particle surface properties and water ice abundance in the rings. UVIS spectra sense the outer few microns of the ring particles. Spectra of the normalized reflectance (I/F) in all four regions show a characteristic water ice absorption feature near 165 nm. Our analysis shows that the fractional abundance of surface water ice is largest in the outer B ring and decreases by over a factor of 2 across the inner C ring. We calculate the mean path length of UV photons through icy ring particle regolith and the scattering asymmetry parameter using a Hapke reflectance model and a Shkuratov reflectance model to match the location of the water ice absorption edge in the data. Both models give similar retrieved values of the photon mean length, however the retrieved asymmetry (g) values are different. The photon mean path lengths are nearly uniform across the B and A rings. Shortward of 165 nm the rings exhibit a slope that turns up towards shorter wavelengths, while the UV slope of 180/150 nm (reflectance outside the water absorption ratioed to that inside the absorption band) tracks I/F with maxima in the outer B ring and in the central A ring. Retrieved values of the scattering asymmetry parameter show the regolith grains to be highly backscattering in the FUV spectral regime. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Article; Proceedings Paper
"Far ultraviolet spectral properties of Saturn's rings from Cassini UVIS" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 7101.