Nursing interventions to manage community-acquired clostridium difficile-associated disease
A review of literature related to community-acquired Clostridium difficile- associated disease (CA-CDAD) was conducted. Information was collected from Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) and MEDLINE-EBSCOhost databases. Clinical practice recommendations were obtained from the CDC. Studies were examined for epidemiology of infection due to C. difficile in the community and interventions to reduce transmission. Findings demonstrated a mirroring of to CA-CDAD to community-acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Multiple studies found underlying gastrointestinal disorders and use of cephalosporin antibiotics to be a risk factor. Another identified risk factor was use of gastric acid suppressive drugs. Also, no particular C. difficile strain was more likely to cause recurrence. Many positive cases for CA-CDAD lacked traditional risk factors such as recent antibiotic exposure. To reduce transmission of community-acquired MRSA the CDC recommends MRSA should be considered in the differential diagnosis of soft skin tissue infections. Clinicians should also collect specimens for culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing from all patients with abscesses. The CDC recommends clinicians should teach their patients to limit transmission and ask about similar cases in household members and close contacts. Therefore, to reduce transmission of CA-COAD, Clostridium difficile- associated disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of diarrhea. Clinicians should collect specimens for culture based on patient history & current clinical presentation for patients with diarrhea. It is important that patients be taught the proper hygiene and cleaning protocols to reduce transmission
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Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Dissertations, Academic -- Nursing;Nursing -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Sherman, Shannan, "Nursing interventions to manage community-acquired clostridium difficile-associated disease" (2010). HIM 1990-2015. 1048.