A comparative analysis of the effect of critical care nursing interventions on acute outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young children and adults. This primary injury initiates an inflammatory response that may lead to a secondary brain injury. Nursing care in the critical care setting supports prevention or reduction of secondary injury through control of intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and the subsequent cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). While secondary injury may be preventable, some nursing interventions may contribute to increased ICP and decreased CPP. Patients with increased ICP or decreased CPP are at risk for poor clinical outcomes. This literature review examined the effort of routine nursing care interventions on outcomes of TBI patients in the critical care setting. Eleven research articles studying head of bed elevation, head and neck positioning, turning, and spacing of patient care activities were the focus of the analysis. Results typically showed positive outcomes by elevating the head of the bed to thirty degrees. CPP was also maintained at thirty degrees, but showed varied results. ICP and CPP are best controlled with the head and neck in a neutral position. Turning patients is a routine nursing intervention that contributes to increased ICP in some positions in some patients. Most studies suggest ICP is lowest in the supine position and highest in the left lateral position, but differences in findings were noted. Providing basic nursing care interventions in close succession also may contribute to increases in ICP in some patients. Results from this review provide evidence to support the importance of assessing and planning care for each TBI patient individually. It is hoped that findings from this review will provide guidance for bedside nurses to improve clinical practice and drive future research to support best practices for care of patients who suffer TBI.
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Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Dissertations, Academic -- Nursing;Nursing -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Watts, Jennifer M., "A comparative analysis of the effect of critical care nursing interventions on acute outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury" (2010). HIM 1990-2015. 1063.