Background: Low back pain (LBP) is considered the leading cause of inactivity and lost employment time. It can be extremely difficult to treat as most conventional therapies have poor success rates. People with LBP need to be made more aware of the diverse and economical treatments available in order to save on expenses and diminish stress. Patients and healthcare professionals have many choices when deciding on the best plan of care; however, it is often difficult to determine which option is best. Objectives: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine if aerobic exercises play a role in reducing pain in the low back. Methods: A computerized electronic search was performed using CINAHL, Medline, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with key words including low back pain or lumbar pain combined with aerobic and exercise. Inclusion criteria consisted of studies that were randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials, peer reviewed, published in the English language, identified low back pain as the primary concern, and identified aerobic exercises as one of the treatment options. Results: The initial search of the database revealed a total of 40 studies. Hand searching of the references had also revealed an additional 7. Of those 47 studies, 13 were selected as potentially meeting the inclusion criteria. Ultimately, 10 studies were retained for the final results of the systematic review. Conclusion: The evaluations provided evidence to suggest that aerobic exercise has positive effects on subjects with LBP. Aerobic exercise encourages strength, flexibility, and muscular endurance. This outcome has also shown to promote levels of activity, leaving the subject feeling better both physically and mentally.
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Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Health and Public Affairs
Dissertations, Academic -- Health and Public Affairs;Health and Public Affairs -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Privett, Theresa, "Aerobic exercise as a means of reducing low back pain a systematic review" (2012). HIM 1990-2015. 1293.