Subcutaneous anticoagulant medications like Heparin and Low-Molecular Weight Heparin are injections that readily cause bruising, pain, induration, and hematoma formation at the injection site. It is known that these adverse reactions can be correlated to the technique used to administer these medications; however, there is no established technique that reduces bruising, pain, induration, and hematoma formation at the site. Currently, the only protocol for subcutaneous Heparin and Low-Molecular Weight Heparin is that it is to be administered subcutaneously in the abdomen and when using a prefilled syringe, the air bubble should not be removed. The purpose of this study was to identify current nursing practice for the administration of these medications and to compare the results to researched techniques that resulted in less adverse site reactions. A total of 33 participants were recruited. The survey targeted six researched techniques found, after a comprehensive literature review, to have reduced site adverse effects associated with subcutaneous Heparin and Low-Molecular Weight Heparin. After completing the survey, it was found that current practice does not reflect techniques researched to reduce bruising, pain, induration, and hematoma formation at the site. In fact, very few completed one of the six research techniques that were questioned, which included: a two minute application of a cold compress/pack before and/or after the injection, an injection duration lasting 30 seconds, slow removal of the needle over five seconds, application of pressure after the injection for a minimum of 30 seconds, use of a hot pack/compress after the injection, and the use of a3 mL syringe. It was also found that there were inconsistencies in techniques that have been previously established as current protocol for these medications.
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Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Dissertations, Academic -- Nursing; Nursing -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Morissette, Leah, "Subcutaneous Injection Techniques of Anticoagulant Therapies" (2015). HIM 1990-2015. 1793.