Of the challenges facing the improvement of human health, none has taken the forefront quite like the endeavor to discover novel treatments for heart disease. As heart disease has now become the leading cause of death throughout the world [1], the medical community has made incredible strides in the mission to treat atherosclerosis which is the major contributor to heart disease. Very Low Density Lipoproteins (VLDL) are secreted by the liver and subsequently converted to Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL). Many factors contribute to the narrowing of the arterial walls, however oxidized LDL is the main factor that leads to the deposition of plaque, leading to atherosclerosis pathologies. Recently, a main focus of research into atherosclerotic processes has been the synthesis and trafficking of VLDL in hepatocytes. The rate-limiting step for the secretion of VLDL from the liver has been determined to be the transport of VLDL from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus. VLDL molecules are transported in a specialized transport vesicle the Very Low Density Lipoprotein Transport Vesicle (VTV) [2]. VLDL’s core protein, apolipoproteinB-100 (apoB100), is initially lipidated in the ER, and then subsequently delivered to the Golgi apparatus where the VLDL molecule undergoes maturation involving further lipidation and glycosylation of apoB100. Oxysterol Binding Proteins (OSBP) and the sub family OSBP Related Proteins (ORP) have been implicated in many different trafficking processes, mainly the trafficking of sterols, cholesterol, and lipids. Recently, ORP 10 was shown to be a negative regulator of apoB100 secretion in growth medium [3]. Using co-immunoprecipitation, the current study shows that ORP 10 interacts with VLDL’s core protein apoB100 directly. Employing an in vitro budding assay, we show that the blocking of ORP 10 with a specific antibody against ORP10 increases VTV formation from the ER. Given that the ER to Golgi pathway is the rate-limiting step in overall VLDL secretion, these findings support the conclusion that ORP 10 is a negative regulator of VLDL trafficking between the ER and Golgi, and that this process is mediated by the ORP 10 protein binding with apoB100.


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Thesis Completion





Siddiqi, Shadab


Bachelor of Science (B.S.)


Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences


Molecular Biology and Microbiology

Degree Program

Biomedical Science


Dissertations, Academic -- Medicine; Medicine -- Dissertations, Academic







Access Status

Open Access

Length of Campus-only Access

5 years

Document Type

Honors in the Major Thesis