The Effects of Political Party Shifts on Voter Turnout in Latin America
Latin American countries have been making advances towards democratization over the past few decades. There has been an increase in the number of democracies in the region and as a result an increase in free elections. Many of these countries have taken constitutional steps to ensure the existence of democratic factors such as free electoral systems and competitive political party systems. It is striking, though, that some Latin American countries have experienced a considerable decrease in voter turnout. Existing literature suggests that institutional factors can provide an explanation for differences in voter turnout across countries. Yet, the institutions in many democratic Latin American countries are stabilizing; this account does not provide a satisfactory explanation for changing voter turnout within countries. Instead, I argue that the decrease in voter turnout may be the result of political factors, which may also be expressed in shifts in electoral strength between political parties. From observing political events, statistics, and case studies, I find a potential relationship between political parties and voter turnout. The research observes voter turnout, electoral systems, and political party systems for the Latin American region, and then focuses on Costa Rica and Mexico as case studies.
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Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
College of Arts and Sciences
Arts and Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic; Dissertations, Academic -- Arts and Sciences; Political parties -- Latin America; Voting -- Latin America
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Luke, Robert, "The Effects of Political Party Shifts on Voter Turnout in Latin America" (2004). HIM 1990-2015. 389.