Bilingual generation effect : participant type or list type?
In order to gain more information about the nature of bilinguals' lexical memory systems, prior researchers have attempted to ascertain whether a generation effect occurs with bilingual stimuli. This experiment was designed to examine and clarify the reasons for differing results found by Slamecka & Katsaiti (1987) and by O'Neill, Roy & Tremblay (1993). Both a procedural variation and a participant characteristic which had differed in those studies were directly compared. The present study used 2-stimuli (generate and read- translate) and 3-stinmli (generate, read-translate and unilingual repetition) lists with compound and coordinate bilinguals (as described by Paivio, 1991). It was hypothesized that coordinate bilinguals, having access to two completely different memory stores containing somewhat different images of a given word, would recall more generate items than would compound bilinguals who presumably have a single memory store. There was a very large generation effect for both compound and coordinate bilinguals. In contrast to predictions, however, the generation effect was much greater for compound bilinguals rather than coordinate bilinguals. This finding is consistent with the "cognitive challenge" explanation of the generation effect.
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Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Arts and Sciences
Arts and Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic;Dissertations, Academic -- Arts and Sciences
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Honors in the Major Thesis
Basi, Ramit K., "Bilingual generation effect : participant type or list type?" (1996). HIM 1990-2015. 63.